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Ralph Nader

  1. Civic Arousal, by Ralph Nader
  2. Crashing the Party, by Ralph Nader
  3. Cutting Corporate Welfare, by Ralph Nader
  4. Only the Super-Rich Can Save Us!, by Ralph Nader
  5. The Good Fight, by Ralph Nader
  6. The Seventeen Traditions, by Ralph Nader
  7. Unsafe At Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of The American Automobile, by Ralph Nader


HOW THE WORLD REALLY WORKS (From Third World Traveler)
 

The world does not work the way we have been led to believe - by our mainstream media, by our politicians, by our corporations, by our financial institutions, by our military, by our schools. We are bombarded daily with so much misinformation, disinformation, propaganda, half-truths, and outright lies, that it takes a persistent individual to sort through the fog of information to find the truth. The excerpted books on this website may help you destroy the myths, discover the truth, and educate yourself about how the world really works.


"During the past two centuries when the peoples of the world were gradually winning their political freedom from the dynastic monarchies, the major banking families of Europe and America were actually reversing the trend by setting up new dynasties of political control through the formation of international financial combines... these banking dynasties had learned that all governments must have sources of revenue from which to borrow in times of emergency. They had also learned that by providing such funds from their own private resources, they could make both kings and democratic leaders tremendously subservient to their will."
Carroll Quigley in his book "Tragedy and Hope"

BOOKS IN THE SPOTLIGHT
  1. Tragedy & Hope - a history of the world in our time - Carroll Quigley
  2. Anglo-American Establishment, The - Carroll Quigley
  3. America's Secret Establishment - An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones - Antony Sutton
  4. Naked Capitalist, The - W. Cleon Skousen
  5. Report from Iron Mountain On the Possibility and Desirability of Peace
  6. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century - F. William Engdahl
  7. Century of War, A - Anglo-American Oil Politics & New World Order - William Engdahl
  8. Superclass - the Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making - David Rothkopf
  9. Creature from Jekyll Island, The - the creation of the Federal Reserve - G. Edward Griffin
  10. Committee of 300, The - the New World Order and the Conspirator's Hierarchy - John Coleman
  11. Power Elite, The - C. Wright Mills
  12. Bilderberg Group, The - Daniel Estulin
  13. Web of Debt - The Shocking Truth About Our Money System - Ellen Hodgson Brown
  14. Big Oil and Their Bankers in the Persian Gulf - Dean Henderson
  15. DOPE, INC. - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  16. Treasure Islands - Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World - Nicholas Shaxson
  17. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  18. JFK - The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy - L. Fletcher Prouty
  19. Iron Triangle, The - Carlyle Group - Dan Briody
  20. Trilateralism - the Trilateral Commission and World Management - Holly Sklar
  21. Powers That Be, The - G. William Domhoff
  22. Who Rules America Now? - G. William Domhoff
  23. Shock Doctrine, The - the Rise of Disaster Capitalism - Naomi Klein

"We are ruled, though it may be difficult to imagine, by a small dynastic power structure, largely consisting of powerful banking families, such as the Rothschilds, Rockefellers, and others. They emerged in controlling the financial system, extended their influence over the political system, the educational system, and, through the major foundations, have become the dominant social powers of our world, creating think tanks and other institutions which shape and change the course of society and modern human history.
Andrew Gavin Marshall

New World Order
  1. How The World Really Works - Alan B. Jones [a review of several books that can help readers acquire the essential knowledge necessary to understand how the world really works]
  2. 9/11 Synthetic Terror - made in the USA - Webster Griffin Tarpley
  3. 9/11 and American Empire - Intellectuals Speak Out - edited by David Ray Griffin and Peter Dale Scott
  4. America's Secret Establishment - An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones - Antony Sutton
  5. Anglo-American Establishment, The - Carroll Quigley
  6. Bilderberg Group, The - Daniel Estulin
  7. Brave New World Order
  8. Brave New World Revisited -Aldous Huxley
  9. Case Against the Fed, The - Murray N. Rothbard
  10. Clash of Civilizations, The - Samuel P. Huntington
  11. Committee of 300, The - The Conspirator's Hierarchy - John Coleman
  12. Creature from Jekyll Island, The - the Federal Reserve - G. Edward Griffin
  13. Descent Into Slavery? - Des Griffin
  14. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  15. Economic Elite, The vs The People of the United States of America - David Degraw
  16. Elite Consensus, The - When Corporations Wield the Constitution - George Draffan (POCLAD)
  17. Final Warning - A History of the New World Order - David Allen Rivera
  18. Fourth Reich of the Rich - Des Griffin
  19. Full Spectrum Dominance - U.S. Power in Iraq and Beyond
  20. Global Economic Crisis, The, Great Depression of XXI Century - Michel Chossudovsky and Andrew Gavin Marshall, Editors
  21. Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, The - Michel Chossudovsky
  22. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century
  23. Greening, The - Environmentalists' Drive for Global Power - Larry Abraham with Franklin Sanders
  24. Hidden Evil, The - The Financial Elite's Covert War Against the Civilian Population - Mark M. Rich
  25. Imperial Brain Trust - Council on Foreign Relations - Lawrence Shoup and William Minter
  26. Naked Capitalist, The - W. Cleon Skousen
  27. None Dare Call It Conspiracy - Gary Allen
  28. Power Elite, The - E. Wright Mills
  29. Powers That Be, The - G. William Domhoff
  30. Project for the New American Century - from Robbing Us Blind
  31. Report from Iron Mountain On the Possibility and Desirability of Peace
  32. Road to 9/11, The - Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America - Peter Dale Scott
  33. Rockefeller File, The - Gary Allen
  34. Secrets of the Federal Reserve, The - Eustace Mullins
  35. Secret Team, The - the CIA and its Allies in Control of the United States and the World - L. Fletcher Prouty
  36. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  37. Shadow Masters - Daniel Estulin
  38. Shadows of Power, The - Council on Foreign Relations and American Decline - James Perloff
  39. Shock Doctrine, The - the Rise of Disaster Capitalism - Naomi Klein
  40. Superclass - the Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making - David Rothkopf
  41. Treasure Islands - Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World - Nicholas Shaxson
  42. Trilateralism - the Trilateral Commission and World Management - Holly Sklar
  43. Web of Debt - The Shocking Truth About Our Money System - Ellen Hodgson Brown
  44. Who Rules America Now? - G. William Domhoff

"The powers of financial capitalism had a far-reaching aim - nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This system was to be controlled in a feudalist fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert, by secret agreements arrived at in frequent private meetings and conferences. The apex of the system was to be the Bank for International Settlements [BIS] in Basel, Switzerland, a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks which were themselves private corporations ... Each central bank sought to dominate its government by its ability to control Treasury loans, to manipulate foreign exchanges, to influence the level of economic activity in the country, and to influence cooperative politicians by subsequent economic rewards in the business world."
Carroll Quigley in his book "Tragedy and Hope"

Democracy/Society/Politics
  1. 1984 - George Orwell (1949)
  2. Act of State, An - the execution of Martin Luther King - William F. Pepper
  3. Age of American Unreason, The - Susan Jacoby
  4. America Challenged - William O. Douglas
  5. America Right or Wrong - an Anatomy of American Nationalism - Anatol Lieven
  6. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  7. American Dynasty - Kevin Phillips
  8. American Fascists - Christian Right and War on America - Chris Hedges
  9. American Holocaust - David Stannard
  10. American Police State, The - the government against the people - David Wise
  11. American Theocracy - radical religion, oil, and borrowed money in the 21st century - Kevin Phillips
  12. America's Secret Establishment - An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones - Antony Sutton
  13. Another World Is Possible - Ed. Jee Kim, Jeremy Glick, et al
  14. Assassinations,The - Probe magazine investigations into the assassinations of John Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert Kennedy
  15. Atheism - The Case Against God - George H. Smith
  16. Banana Republicans - Rampton and Stauber
  17. Best Democracy Money Can Buy, The - Greg Palast
  18. Broken Promises of America, The - at home and abroad, past and present - Volumes 1 & 2 - Douglas Dowd
  19. Buried Alive - Walter KarpBurning All Illusions - David Edwards
  20. Clash of Fundamentalisms, The - Tariq Ali
  21. Class. Caste & Hierarchies - the No-Nonsense guide - Jeremy Seabrook
  22. Class War in America - Charles M. Kelly
  23. Cocaine Politics - Peter Dale Scott
  24. Common Good - Noam Chomsky
  25. Conscience of a Liberal, The - Paul Krugman
  26. Conservatives Without Conscience - by John Dean
  27. Contrary Notions -The Michael Parenti Reader
  28. Corruption of American Politics, The - Elizabeth Drew
  29. Crashing the Party - Ralph Nader
  30. Creature from Jekyll Island, The - the Federal Reserve - G. Edward Griffin
  31. Crossing the Rubicon - The Decline of the American Empire at the End of the Age of Oil - Michael Ruppert
  32. Dark Ages America - Morris Berman
  33. Decline and Fall of the American Empire, The - Gore Vidal
  34. Democracy - the No-Nonsense guide - Richard Swift
  35. Democratic Facade, The
  36. Democracy Matters - Cornel West
  37. Deterring Democracy - Noam Chomsky
  38. Dirty Truths - Michael Parenti
  39. Dollars and Votes - Dan Clawson, Alan Neustadtl & Mark Weller
  40. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  41. Dude, where's my country? - Michael Moore
  42. Eagle's Shadow, The - Mark Hertzgaard
  43. Economic Elite, The vs The People of the United States of America - David Degraw
  44. Eleanor: The Years Alone - Joseph Lash
  45. Eleanor Roosevelt - The Defining Years 1933-1938 - Blanche Wiesen Cooke
  46. Elite Consensus, The - When Corporations Wield the Constitution - George Draffan (POCLAD)
  47. End of America, The - Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot - Naomi Wolf
  48. End of Faith, The - Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason - Sam Harris
  49. False Hope - Normon Solomon
  50. Farewell To Justice, A - Jim Garrison, JFK's assassination, and the case that should have changed history - Joan Mellen
  51. Final Judgment - missing link in JFK assassination conspiracy - Michael Collins Piper
  52. Fixing Elections - Steven Hill
  53. Freethinkers - a history of American secularism - Susan Jacoby
  54. Gag Rule - Suppression of Dissent & Stifling of Democracy - Lewis Lapham
  55. George H W Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin
  56. Global Economic Crisis, The, Great Depression of XXI Century - Michel Chossudovsky and Andrew Gavin Marshall, Editors
  57. God Delusion, The - Richard Dawkins
  58. God and Religion - Bertrand Russell
  59. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century
  60. Great Unraveling, The - Paul Krugman
  61. Hidden Evil, The - The Financial Elite's Covert War Against the Civilian Population - Mark M. Rich
  62. Hijacking Catastrophe - ed. Sut Jhally and Jeremy Earp
  63. Hoax - the difference in world view between the U.S. and everybody else - Nicholas Von Hoffman
  64. Hotel America - Lewis Lapham
  65. How Democratic is the American Constitution - Robert A. Dahl
  66. How the Left Can Win Arguments and Influence People - John K. Wilson
  67. How to Overthrow the Government - Arianna Huffington
  68. Imperial America - Gore Vidal
  69. In Banks We Trust - money making, lending, and laundering from boardrooms to back alleys - Penny Lernoux
  70. Indispensable Enemies - the politics of misrule in America - Walter Karp
  71. Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, The - John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt
  72. It Did Happen Here - Bud Schultz & Ruth Schultz
  73. JFK - The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy - L. Fletcher Prouty
  74. JFK and the Unspeakable - Why He Died and Why It Matters - James W. Douglass
  75. Last Days of Democracy, The - Elliot Cohen and Bruce Fraser
  76. LBJ: The Mastermind of JFK's Assassination - Phillip F. Nelson
  77. Letter to a Christian Nation - Sam Harris
  78. Liberty Under Siege - Walter Karp
  79. Man Who Sold the World, The - Ronald Reagan and Betrayal of Main Street America - William Kleinknecht
  80. Middle Mind , The - Why Americans Don't Think for Themselves - Curtis White
  81. Moral Politics - George Lakoff
  82. New World Order, The - H.G. Wells (originally published 1950)
  83. Myth America: Democracy vs. Capitalism - William H. Boyer
  84. Necessary Illusions - Noam Chomsky
  85. Nemesis - the Last Days of the American Republic - Chalmers Johnson
  86. New American Militarism, The - Andrew Bacevich
  87. New Pearl Harbor, The - David Ray Griffin
  88. New Progressive Era, The
  89. No Mercy - Jean Stefancic & Richard Delgado
  90. On Democracy - Robert Dahl
  91. Paradox of American Democracy, The - John Judis
  92. Philosophic Roots of Modern Ideology, The - Liberalism & Fascism - David Ingersoll & Richard Matthews
  93. Points of Rebellion - William O. Douglas
  94. Political Fictions - Joan Didion
  95. Political Ponerology - a science on the nature of evil adjusted for political purposes - Andrew M. Lobaczewski
  96. Politics of Meaning, The - Michael Lerner
  97. Politics of Lying, The - David Wise
  98. Power Elite, The - C. Wright Mills
  99. Powers That Be, The - G. William Domhoff
  100. Pretensions to Empire - Lewis Lapham
  101. Price of Power, The - Seymour Hersh
  102. Private Power and American Democracy - Grant McConnell
  103. Propaganda - The Formation of Men's Attitudes - Jacques Ellul
  104. Propaganda - Edward Bernays (1928)
  105. Ralph Nader Reader
  106. Report from Iron Mountain On the Possibility and Desirability of Peace
  107. Road to 9/11, The - Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America - Peter Dale Scott
  108. Robbing Us Blind - Steve Brouwer
  109. Ruling America - a history of wealth and power in a democracy - Steve Fraser and Gary Gerstle
  110. Secrecy & Privilege - Rise of the Bush Dynasty - Robert Parry
  111. Secrets of the Federal Reserve, The - Eustace Mullins
  112. Secret Team, The - the CIA and its Allies in Control of the United States and the World - L. Fletcher Prouty
  113. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  114. Selling Out - Mark Green
  115. Silencing Political Dissent - Nancy Chang
  116. Static - Government Liars, Media Cheerleaders and the People Who Fight Back - Amy Goodman and David Goodman
  117. Stupid White Men - Michael Moore
  118. Superclass - the Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making - David Rothkopf
  119. Superpatriotism - Michael Parenti
  120. Taking Back America - edited by Katrina Vanden Heuvel and Robert L. Borosage
  121. They Dare To Speak Out - People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby - Paul Findley
  122. Third Parties in America - Steven Rosenstone, Roy Behr, Edward Lazarus
  123. This Can't Be Happening- Disintegration of American Democracy - Dave Lindorff
  124. Toward an American Revolution - Jerry Fresia
  125. Tree of Liberty, The - Nicholas Kittrie & Eldon Wedlock
  126. Treasure Islands - Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World - Nicholas Shaxson
  127. Truman Era, The - I.F. Stone
  128. Twight of American Culture, The - Morris Berman
  129. Twilight of Democracy, The - The Bush Plan for America - Jennifer Van Bergen
  130. Ultimate Sacrifice - Plan for a Coup in Cuba and the murder of JFK - Lamar Waldron with Thom Hartmann
  131. USA - Rights for All - Amnesty International
  132. Voices of a People's History of the United States - H Zinn/A Arnove
  133. Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler - Anthony Sutton
  134. Wall Street and FDR - Antony Sutton
  135. War at Home, The - Domestic Costs of Bush's Militarism - Frances Fox Piven
  136. War Is A Force That Gives Us Meaning - Chris Hedges
  137. Washington on $10 million a Day - Ken Silverstein
  138. Wealth and Democracy - Kevin Phillips
  139. Web of Debt - The Shocking Truth About Our Money System - Ellen Hodgson Brown
  140. What's the Matter with Kansas? - Thomas Frank
  141. Who Killed JFK? - Carl Olgesby
  142. Who Killed Martin Luther King? - Phillip Melanson
  143. Who Killed Robert Kennedy? - Phillip Melanson
  144. Who Rules America Now? - G. William Domhoff
  145. Why Americans Don't Vote - Francis Fox Piven & Richard Cloward
  146. Why I Am Not a Christian - Bertrand Russell
  147. Why Societies Need Dissent - Cass R. Sunstein

"More than fifty years ago the [J.P.] Morgan firm decided to infiltrate the Left-wing political movements in the United States. This was relatively easy to do, since these groups were starved for funds and eager for a voice to reach the people. Wall Street supplied both. The purpose was not to destroy ... or take over but was really threefold: (1) to keep informed about the thinking of Left-wing or liberal groups; (2) to provide them with a mouthpiece so that they could "blow off steam," and (3) to have a final veto on their publicity and possibly on their actions, if they ever went "radical".
Carroll Quigley in his book "Tragedy and Hope"

Foreign Policy
  1. Africa Doesn't Matter - how the West has failed the poorest continent - Giles Bolton
  2. Against Empire - Michael Parenti
  3. After the Cataclysm - Noam Chomsky / Edward Herman
  4. America Besieged - Michael Parenti
  5. America Right or Wrong - an Anatomy of American Nationalism - Anatol Lieven
  6. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  7. American Empire - Realities and Consequences of U.S. Diplomacy - Andrew Bacevich
  8. An Ordinary Person's Guide to Empire - Arundhati Roy
  9. Arms Trade - the No-Nonsense guide - Gideon Burrows
  10. Betraying the National Interest - Francis Moore Lappe', R Schuman & K Danaher
  11. Bilderberg Group, The - Daniel Estulin
  12. Bioterror Manufacturing Wars the American Way - ed. E Ray & W Schaap
  13. Blowback - Chalmers Johnson
  14. Boomerang - Mark Zepezauer
  15. Bush Agenda, The - Invading the World, One Economy at a Time - Antonia Juhasz
  16. Censored Foreign Policy stories - Project Censored
  17. Citizens of the Empire - Robert Jensen
  18. Century of War, A - Anglo-American Oil Politics & New World Order - William Engdahl
  19. Clash of Fundamentalisms, The - Tariq Ali
  20. Colombia and the United States - War & Destabilization - Mario Murillo
  21. Confessions of an Economic Hit Man - John Perkins
  22. Confronting Empire - Eqbal Ahmad
  23. Contrary Notions -The Michael Parenti Reader
  24. Covert Action - the Roots of Terrorism - ed. E. Ray & W. Schaap
  25. Crossing the Rubicon - The Decline of the American Empire at the End of the Age of Oil - Michael Ruppert
  26. Cry of the People - Penny Lernoux
  27. Damning the Flood: Haiti, Aristide, and the Politics of Containment - Peter Hallward
  28. Dark Victory - Walden Bello
  29. Deliver Us From Evil - William Shawcross
  30. Distant Voices - John Pilger
  31. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  32. Draft Registration and The Law - R. Charles Johnson
  33. Dreaming War - Gore Vidal
  34. Drugs, Oil, and War - The United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina - Peter Dale Scott
  35. Elite Consensus, The - When Corporations Wield the Constitution - George Draffan (POCLAD)
  36. Empire As A Way Of Life - William Appleman Williams
  37. Empire Has No Clothes, The - Ivan Eland
  38. Empire's Workshop - Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New Imperialism - Greg Grandin
  39. Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, The - Ilan Pappe
  40. Exception to the Rulers, The - Amy Goodman
  41. Eyes of the Heart - Jean-Bertrand Aristide
  42. Final Judgment - missing link in JFK assassination conspiracy - Michael Collins Piper
  43. Fortress America - William Greider
  44. Freeing the World to Death - essays on the american empire - William Blum
  45. Full Spectrum Dominance - Rahul Mahajan
  46. Full Spectrum Dominance - Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order - F. William Engdahl
  47. Getting Haiti Right This Time - The U.S. and the Coup - Noam Chomsky, Paul Farmer, Amy Goodman
  48. Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, The - Michel Chossudovsky
  49. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century
  50. Hidden Agendas - John Pilger
  51. Hidden Evil, The - The Financial Elite's Covert War Against the Civilian Population - Mark M. Rich
  52. Hoax - the difference in world view between the U.S. and everybody else - Nicholas Von Hoffman
  53. Holocaust Industry, The - Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering - Norman Finkelstein
  54. Howard Zinn on War
  55. How Much Are You Making On The War Daddy? - William D. Hartung
  56. Imperial Alibis - Stephen Shalom
  57. In the Name of Democracy - Thomas Carothers
  58. In the Name of Democracy - American War Crimes in Iraq and Beyond - edited by Jeremy Brecher, Jill Cutler, and Brendan Smith
  59. Intervention and Revolution - Richard Barnet
  60. Intimate History of Killing, An - in 20th-century warfare - Joanna Bourke
  61. Iran Contra Connection, The - Johnathan Marshall, Peter Dale Scott & Jane Hunter
  62. Israeli Foreign Policy - Jane Hunter
  63. Israel and Latin America: The Military Connection - Bishara Bahbah
  64. Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, The - John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt
  65. Killing Hope - William Blum
  66. Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel - Israel Shahak & Norton Mezvinsky
  67. JFK - The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy - L. Fletcher Prouty
  68. Johnny Got His Gun - Dalton Trumbo (1939)
  69. Lawless World - how Bush and Blair are taking the law into their own hands - Philippe Sands
  70. Limits of Power, The - the End of American Exceptionalism - Andrew Bacevich
  71. Lying for Empire - by David Model
  72. Masters of War - ed. Carl Boggs
  73. MountainsOver Mountains - Tracy Kidder
  74. Nemesis - the Last Days of the American Republic - Chalmers Johnson
  75. New American Militarism, The - Andrew Bacevich
  76. New Rulers of the World, The - John Pilger
  77. New World Order, The - H.G. Wells (originally published 1950)
  78. Nuclear Power Is Not The Answer - Hellen Caldicott
  79. Open Veins of Latin America - Five Centuries of Pillage of a Continent - Eduardo Galeano
  80. Other Israel, The - edited by Roane Cary and Jonathan Shainin
  81. Overthrow - Stephen Kinzer
  82. Pathologies of Power - Paul Farmer
  83. Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace - Gore Vidal
  84. Politics of War, The - the story of two wars which altered forever the political life of the American republic - Walter Karp
  85. Power of Israel in the United States, The - James Petras
  86. Power Trip - ed. John Feffer
  87. Pox Americana - edited by John Bellamy Foster and Robert W. McChesney
  88. Praetorian Guard, The - John Stockwell
  89. Predatory States - Operation Condor in Latin America - J. Patrice McSherry
  90. Problem from Hell, A - America and the Age of Genocide - Samantha Power
  91. Profit Over People - Noam Chomsky
  92. Profits of War - Inside the Secret U.S.-Israeli Arms Network - Ari Ben-Menashe
  93. Reagan, Trilateralism and the Neoliberals - Holly Sklar
  94. Road to 9/11, The - Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America - Peter Dale Scott
  95. Rogue State - William Blum
  96. Rogue State - T. D. Allman
  97. Rogue States - Noam Chomsky
  98. Rogue States and Nuclear Outlaws - Michael Klare
  99. Secrets of the Federal Reserve, The - Eustace Mullins
  100. Secret History of the American Empire, The - John Perkins
  101. Secrets, Lies, and Democracy - Noam Chomsky
  102. Secret Team, The - the CIA and its Allies in Control of the United States and the World - L. Fletcher Prouty
  103. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  104. Shadow Masters - Daniel Estulin
  105. Sorrows of Empire, The - Chalmers Johnson
  106. State Terrorism and the United States - Frederick Gareau
  107. Superclass - the Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making - David Rothkopf
  108. Super Power Syndrome - Robert J. Lifton
  109. Sword and the Dollar - Michael Parenti
  110. Tainted Legacy - 9/11 and the Ruin of Human Rights - William Schulz
  111. Target Iraq - Norman Solomon
  112. They Dare To Speak Out - People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby - Paul Findley
  113. Tinderbox - Stephen Zunes
  114. Treasure Islands - Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World - Nicholas Shaxson
  115. Trial of Henry Kissinger, The - Christopher Hitchins
  116. Trilateralism - Holly Sklar
  117. Ultimate Sacrifice - Plan for a Coup in Cuba and the murder of JFK - Lamar Waldron with Thom Hartmann
  118. Unbroken Agony, An - Haiti, from Revolution to Kidnapping of a President - Randall Robinson
  119. Uneasy Empire - Greg Guma
  120. United States of Europe, The - the new superpower and the end of American supremacy by T. R. Reid
  121. Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution - Antony Sutton
  122. Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler - Antony Sutton
  123. War and Globalisation - Michel Chossudovsky
  124. War Crimes - US War Crimes Against Iraq - Ramsey Clark
  125. War Is A Racket - General Smedley D. Butler (1935)
  126. War Is A Force That Gives Us Meaning - Chris Hedges
  127. War Is A Lie - David Swanson
  128. War Made Easy - Norman Solomon
  129. War Talk - Arundhati Roy
  130. Weapons in Space - Karl Grossman
  131. What Uncle Sam Really Wants - Noam Chomsky
  132. When China Rules the World - Martin Jacques
  133. Zionism in the Age of the Dictators - Lenni Brenner

"There is a transnational ruling class, a "Superclass", that agrees on establishing a world government. The middle class is targeted for elimination, because most of the world has no middle class, and to fully integrate and internationalize a middle class, would require industrialization and development in Africa, and certain places in Asia and Latin America. The goal of the Superclass is not to lose their wealth and power to a transnational middle class, but rather to extinguish the notion of a middle class, and transnationalize a lower, uneducated, labor oriented class, through which they will secure ultimate wealth and power.

The global economic crisis serves these ends, as whatever remaining wealth the middle class holds is in the process of being eliminated, and as the crisis progresses, the middle classes of the world will suffer, while a great percentage of lower classes of the world, poverty-stricken even prior to the crisis, will suffer the greatest, most probably leading to a massive reduction in population levels, particularly in the "underdeveloped" or "Third World" states."
 
Andrew Gavin Marshall, 'The Global Economic Crisis: The Great Depression of the XXI Century'

Third World
  1. Africa Doesn't Matter - How the West has failed the poorest continent - Giles Bolton
  2. Betraying the National Interest - Francis Moore Lappe', R Schuman & K Danaher
  3. Boomerang - Mark Zepezauer
  4. Brave New World Order - Jack Nelson-Pallmeyer
  5. Clash of Civilizations, The - Huntington
  6. Confessions of an Economic Hit Man - John Perkins
  7. Confronting the Third World - Gabriel Kolko
  8. Covert Action - the Roots of Terrorism - ed. E. Ray & W. Schaap
  9. Cry of the People - Penny Lernoux
  10. Disposable People - New Slavery in the Global Economy - Kevin Bales
  11. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  12. Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, The - Michel Chossudovsky
  13. Heroes - John Pilger
  14. Ideal Illusions - How the U.S. Government Co-opted Human Rights - James Peck
  15. In the Name of Democracy - Thomas Carothers
  16. International Development - the No-Nonsense guide
  17. In Search of Enemies - John Stockwell
  18. Intervention and Revolution - Richard Barnet
  19. Killing Hope - William Blum
  20. Low Intensity Warfare - Michael Klare & Peter Kornbluh
  21. Power Politics - Arundhati Roy
  22. Predatory States - Operation Condor in Latin America - J. Patrice McSherry
  23. Problem from Hell, A - America and the Age of Genocide - Samantha Power
  24. Prosperous Few and the Restless Many - Noam Chomsky
  25. Resource Wars - Michael Klare
  26. Rollback - Tom Bodenheimer and Robert Gould
  27. Secret History of the American Empire, The - John Perkins
  28. Secrets, Lies, and Democracy - Noam Chomsky
  29. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  30. Shock Doctrine, The - the Rise of Disaster Capitalism - Naomi Klein
  31. Sideshow - William Shawcross
  32. Tainted Legacy - 9/11 and the Ruin of Human Rights - William Schulz
  33. Twentieth Century Dictatorships - Paul Brooker
  34. Upside Down - Eduardo Galeano
  35. Views from the South - Sarah Anderson
  36. Year 501 - Noam Chomsky

"The people will believe what the media tells them they believe."
George Orwell

Empire
  1. Against Empire
  2. An Ordinary Person's Guide to Empire - Arundhati Roy
  3. Century of War, A - Anglo-American Oil Politics & New World Order - William Engdahl
  4. Citizens of the Empire - Robert Jensen
  5. Confronting Empire - Eqbal Ahmad
  6. Decline and Fall of the American Empire, The - Gore Vidal
  7. Elite Consensus, The - When Corporations Wield the Constitution - George Draffan (POCLAD)
  8. Empire As A Way Of Life - William Appleman Williams
  9. Empire Has No Clothes, The - Ivan Eland
  10. Empire's Workshop - Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New Imperialism - Greg Grandin
  11. Full Spectrum Dominance - Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order - F. William Engdahl
  12. Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, The - Michel Chossudovsky
  13. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century
  14. Lying for Empire - by David Model
  15. Nemesis - the Last Days of the American Republic - Chalmers Johnson
  16. Predatory States - Operation Condor in Latin America - J. Patrice McSherry
  17. Pretensions to Empire - Lewis Lapham
  18. Road to 9/11, The - Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America - Peter Dale Scott
  19. Rulers and Ruled in the US Empire - Bankers, Zionists, Militants - James Petras
  20. Secret History of the American Empire, The - John Perkins
  21. Secrets of the Federal Reserve, The - Eustace Mullins
  22. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  23. Shadow Masters - Daniel Estulin
  24. Sorrows of Empire, The - Chalmers Johnson
  25. Treasure Islands - Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World - Nicholas Shaxson
  26. Uneasy Empire - Greg Guma

"There is nothing puzzling ... about America's gratuitously aggressive foreign policy... What an aggressive foreign policy accomplishes by slow degrees, a state of war accomplishes in a trice. Overnight [war] kills reform, overnight it transforms insurgents into traitors and the Republic into an imperiled realm. Overnight it strangles free politics, distracts and overawes the citizenry. Overnight it blasts public hope."
Walter Karp

Media
  1. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  2. Amusing Ourselves to Death - Neil Postman
  3. Bad News - The Decline of Reporting - Tom Fenton
  4. Censored Foreign Policy stories - Project Censored
  5. Conglomerates and the Media - Erik Barnouw, et al
  6. Corporate Media & Threat to Democracy - McChesney
  7. Decline and Fall of Public Broadcasting - David Barsamian
  8. Information War - Nancy Snow
  9. Inventing Reality - Michael Parenti
  10. It's the Media, Stupid - McChesney and Nichols
  11. Free Press, The - an essay on manipulation of news and opinion - Hilaire Belloc
  12. George Seldes Reader, The - Randolph T. Holhut
  13. Global Media - the No-Nonsense guide - Peter Steven
  14. How To Watch TV News - Neil Postman and Steve Powers
  15. Manufacturing Consent - N Chomsky/E Herman
  16. Media Control - Noam Chomsky
  17. Media Monopoly, The - Ben Bagdikian
  18. Nation Magazine, The - Selections 1865-1990
  19. Necessary Illusions
  20. Networks of Power-Corporate TV Threat to Democracy - Dennie Mazzocco
  21. New Media Monopoly, The - Ben Bagdikian
  22. News About the News, The - Leonard Downie and Robert Kaiser
  23. On Bended Knee - Mark Hertsgaard
  24. Our Media Not Theirs - McChesney and NicholsPentagon Propaganda Machine, The - J. William Fulbright
  25. Problem of the Media, The - Robert McChesney
  26. Project Censored-annual report on censored stories
  27. Propaganda - The Formation of Men's Attitudes - Jacques Ellul
  28. Propaganda - Edward Bernays (1928)
  29. Propaganda, Inc. - Nancy Snow
  30. Republican Noise Machine, The - David Brock
  31. Rich Media, Poor Democracy - Robert McChesney
  32. Static - Government Liars, Media Cheerleaders and the People Who Fight Back - Amy Goodman and David Goodman
  33. Stenographers to Power - media and propaganda - David Barsamian interviews
  34. Through the Media Looking Glass - Jeff Cohen & Norman Solomon
  35. Toxic Sludge Is Good For You - John Stauber & Sheldon Rampton
  36. Tragedy & Farce - Robert McChesney and John Nichols
  37. Trust Us, We're Experts! - John Stauber & Sheldon Rampton
  38. Twenty Years of Censored News - Project Censored / Peter Phillips
  39. Unreliable Sources - Normon Solomon
  40. War, Lies & Videotape - International Action Center
  41. What Liberal Media? - Eric Alterman
  42. What Orwell Didn't Know - Propaganda and the New Face of American Politics - edited by Andras Szanto
  43. What the People Know - Freedom and the Press - Richard Reeves
  44. Wizads of Media OZ - Normon Solomon

"Americans are too broadly underinformed to digest nuggets of information that seem to contradict what they know of the world... Instead, news channels prefer to feed Americans a constant stream of simplified information, all of which fits what they already know. That way they don't have to devote more air time or newsprint space to explanations or further investigations."
Tom Fenton, former CBS foreign correspondent

FBI /CIA / NSA
  1. Act of State, An - the execution of Martin Luther King - William F. Pepper
  2. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  3. American Police State, The - the government against the people - David Wise
  4. Boomerang - Mark Zepezauer
  5. Break-ins, Death Threats and the FBI - Ross Gelbspan
  6. Challenging the Secret Government - K Olmsted
  7. CIA Diary - Philip AgeeCIA's Greatest Hits - Mark Zapezauer
  8. Covert Action - the Roots of Terrorism - ed. E. Ray & W. Schaap
  9. Deadly Deceits - Ralph McGehee
  10. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  11. Farewell To Justice, A - Jim Garrison, JFK's assassination, and the case that should have changed history - Joan Mellen
  12. George H W Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin
  13. Inside the Shadow Government - National Emergencies and Cult of Secrecy - Harry Helms
  14. JFK - The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy - L. Fletcher Prouty
  15. JFK and the Unspeakable - Why He Died and Why It Matters - James W. Douglass
  16. Lawless State, The - Morton Halperin
  17. LBJ: The Mastermind of JFK's Assassination - Phillip F. Nelson
  18. Predatory States - Operation Condor in Latin America - J. Patrice McSherry
  19. Road to 9/11, The - Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America - Peter Dale Scott
  20. Safe For Democracy - the Secret Wars of the CIA - John Prados
  21. Secret Government, The - Bill Moyers
  22. Secrets - CIA's war at home - Angus Mackenzie
  23. Secret Team, The - the CIA and its Allies in Control of the United States and the World - L. Fletcher Prouty
  24. War At Home - Covert Action Against U.S. Activists - Brian Glick

"No matter how paranoid or conspiracy-minded you are, what the government is actually doing is worse than you imagine."
William Blum

Fascism
  1. Act of State, An - the execution of Martin Luther King - William F. Pepper
  2. American Axis, The - Henry Ford, Charles Lindbergh, and Rise of Third Reich - Max Wallace
  3. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  4. Anatomy of Fascism - Robert O. Paxton
  5. Blowback - Christopher Simpson
  6. Fascism- a very short introduction - Kevin Passmore
  7. Fascism - Past, Present and Future - W Laqueur
  8. Friendly Fascism - Bertram Gross
  9. It Did Happen Here - Bud Schultz & Ruth Schultz
  10. Splendid Blond Beast, The - Christopher Simpson
  11. Trading with the Enemy - Charles Higham
  12. Washington Connection & Third World Fascism - Chomsky/Herman
  13. Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler - Anthony Sutton

"We have about 50% of the world's wealth but only 6.3% of its population.... Our real task in the coming period is to devise a pattern of relationships which will permit us to maintain this position of disparity without positive detriment to our national security. To do so, we will have to dispense with all sentimentality and daydreaming, and our attention will have to be concentrated everywhere on our immediate national objectives. We need not deceive ourselves that we can afford today the luxury of altruism and world benefaction.... We should cease to talk about vague and unreal objectives such as human rights, the raising of the living standards, and democratization. The day is not far off when we are going to have to deal in straight power concepts. The less we are then hampered by idealistic slogans, the better."
George Kennan, secret U.S. State Department memo, 1948

Terrorism
  1. 9-11 - Noam Chomsky
  2. 9/11 and American Empire - Intellectuals Speak Out - edited by David Ray Griffin and Peter Dale Scott
  3. 9/11 Synthetic Terror - made in the USA - Webster Griffin Tarpley
  4. Act of State, An - the execution of Martin Luther King - William F. Pepper
  5. American Conspiracies - Lies, Lies, and More Dirty Lies that the Government Tells Us - Jesse Ventura with Dick Russell
  6. America's "War On Terrorism" - Michel Chossudovsky
  7. Behind the War on Terror - Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed
  8. Blowback - Chalmers Johnson
  9. Culture of Terrorism, The - Noam Chomsky
  10. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  11. Hidden Terrors - A.J. Langguth
  12. New Pearl Harbor, The - David Ray Griffin
  13. Real Terror Network, The - Edward S. Herman
  14. September 11 and the U.S. War - Roger Burbach & Ben Clarke
  15. Terrorism, No-Nonsense guide to - Jonathan Barker
  16. Terrorism and the Constitution - David Cole & James Dempsey
  17. Terrorism and War - Howard Zinn
  18. Terrorism Trap, The - Michael Parenti
  19. Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People - John Conroy

"Throughout much of its history, the AFL-CIO and other U.S. labor organizations have worked with CIA and multi-national corporations to overthrow democratically-elected governments, collaborated with dictators against progressive labor movements, supported reactionary labor movements against progressive governments, worked with corporate America to organize racist and protectionist campaigns against foreign countries, and encouraged racist campaigns against immigrant workers."
Lee Siu Hin

Economics / Labor / Banks
  1. Against the Conventional Wisdom - Doug Dowd
  2. Big Oil and Their Bankers in the Persian Gulf - Dean Henderson
  3. Class War in America - Charles M. Kelly
  4. Crisis of Global Capitalism, The - George Soros
  5. Creature from Jekyll Island, The - the Federal Reserve - G. Edward Griffin
  6. Descent Into Slavery? - Des Griffin
  7. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  8. Downsize This! - Michael Moore
  9. Economic Elite, The vs The People of the United States of America - David Degraw
  10. Empire of "The City" - E. C. Knuth
  11. Global Economic Crisis, The, Great Depression of XXI Century - Michel Chossudovsky and Andrew Gavin Marshall, Editors
  12. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century
  13. Great Unraveling, The - Paul Krugman
  14. History of Money and Banking in the United States, A - Murray N. Rothbard
  15. In Banks We Trust - money making, lending, and laundering from boardrooms to back alleys - Penny Lernoux
  16. Robbing Us Blind - Steve Brouwer
  17. Secrets of the Federal Reserve, The - Eustace Mullins
  18. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  19. Shafted - Free Trade and America's Working Poor
  20. Sharing the Pie - Steve Brouwer
  21. Take the Rich Off Welfare - Mark Zepezauer
  22. Treasure Islands - Tax Havens and the Men Who Stole the World - Nicholas Shaxson
  23. Web of Debt - The Shocking Truth About Our Money System - Ellen Hodgson Brown
  24. Workers of the World Undermined

"To oppose the policies of a government does not mean you are against the country or the people that the government supposedly represents. Such opposition should be called what it really is: democracy, or democratic dissent, or having a critical perspective about what your leaders are doing. Either we have the right to democratic dissent and criticism of these policies or we all lie down and let the leader, the Fuhrer, do what is best, while we follow uncritically, and obey whatever he commands. That's just what the Germans did with Hitler, and look where it got them."
Michael Parenti

Corporations / Globalization
  1. Bad Samaritans - the Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism - Ha-Joon Chang
  2. Brave New World Order - Jack Nelson-Pallmeyer
  3. Bush Agenda, The - Invading the World, One Economy at a Time - Antonia Juhasz
  4. Confessions of an Economic Hit Man - John Perkins
  5. Corporate Predators - Russel Mokhiber & Robert Weissman
  6. Corporation Nation - Charles Derber
  7. Corporations Are Gonna Get Your Mama - Kevin Danaher
  8. Cutting Corporate Welfare - Ralph Nader
  9. DOPE, INC. - the book that drove Henry Kissinger crazy - Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) - 1986 & 1992
  10. Elite Consensus, The - When Corporations Wield the Constitution - George Draffan (POCLAD)
  11. Global Economic Crisis, The, Great Depression of XXI Century - Michel Chossudovsky and Andrew Gavin Marshall, Editors
  12. Global Village or Global Pillage - Jeremy Brecher
  13. Globalization - the No-Nonsense guide - Wayne Ellwood
  14. Globalization and the Decline of Social Reform - Gary Teeple
  15. Globalization Unmasked - James Petras and Henry Veltmeyer
  16. Globalization and Its Discontents - Joseph E. Stiglitz
  17. Globalize This! - Kevin Danaher & Roger Burbach
  18. Gods of Money - Wall Street and the Death of the American Century
  19. In Banks We Trust - money making, lending, and laundering from boardrooms to back alleys - Penny Lernoux
  20. Iron Triangle, The - Carlyle Group - Dan BriodyOne World, Ready or Not - William Greider
  21. Pigs at the Trough - Arianna HuffingtonPost-Corporate World, The - David Korten
  22. Road to 9/11, The - Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America - Peter Dale Scott
  23. Second World, The - How Emerging Powers Are Redefining Global Competition in the Twenty-first Century - Parag Khanna
  24. Secret Team, The - the CIA and its Allies in Control of the United States and the World - L. Fletcher Prouty
  25. Seeds of Deception - Genetically Engineered Food - Jeffrey M. Smith
  26. Seeds of Destruction - the Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation - F. William Engdahl
  27. Shock Doctrine, The - the Rise of Disaster Capitalism - Naomi Klein
  28. Silent Takeover, The - Norena Hertz
  29. Superclass - the Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making - David Rothkopf
  30. Unequal Protection - Thom Hartmann
  31. Wall Street and FDR - Antony Sutton
  32. When Corporations Rule the World - David Korten
  33. Water Wars - Vandana Shiva
  34. World on Fire - Amy Chua
  35. World Poverty - Jeremy Seabrook
  36. WTO, The - Lori Wallach & Michelle Sforza

"Media manipulation in the U.S. today is more efficient than it was in Nazi Germany, because here we have the pretense that we are getting all the information we want. That misconception prevents people from even looking for the truth."
Mark Crispin Miller

Authors
  1. Eqbal Ahmad
  2. Andrew Bacevich
  3. Ben Bagdikian
  4. Morris Berman
  5. William Blum
  6. SteveBrouwer
  7. Ellen Brown
  8. Helen Caldicott
  9. Noam Chomsky
  10. Michel Chossudovsky
  11. Richard Dawkins
  12. William O. Douglas
  13. Doug Dowd
  14. F. William Engdahl
  15. Daniel Estulin
  16. Paul Farmer
  17. Norman Finkelstein
  18. Robert Fisk
  19. Eduardo Galeano
  20. Eva Golinger
  21. Amy Goodman
  22. William Greider
  23. Sam Harris
  24. Chris Hedges
  25. Edward S. Herman
  26. Mark Hertzgaard
  27. Seymour Hersh
  28. Chalmers Johnson
  29. Walter Karp
  30. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  31. Michael Klare
  32. Naomi Klein
  33. David Korten
  34. Jonathan Kozol
  35. Lewis Lapham
  36. Stephen Lendman
  37. Andrew Gavin Marshall
  38. Robert McChesney and John Nichols
  39. Michael Moore
  40. Allan Nairn
  41. Ralph Nader
  42. George Orwell
  43. Greg Palast
  44. Ilan Pappe
  45. Michael Parenti
  46. Robert Parry
  47. John Perkins
  48. James Petras
  49. Kevin Phillips
  50. John Pilger
  51. Sheldon Rampton and John Stauber
  52. Paul Craig Roberts
  53. Eleanor Roosevelt
  54. Arundhati Roy
  55. Michael Ruppert
  56. Bertrand Russell
  57. Edward Said
  58. Bernie Sanders
  59. Peter Dale Scott
  60. George Seldes
  61. Vandana Shiva
  62. Christopher Simpson
  63. Nancy Snow
  64. Norman Solomon
  65. John Stockwell
  66. I. F. Stone
  67. Gore Vidal
  68. Cornel West
  69. David Wise
  70. Howard Zinn
  71. Mark Zepazauer


Supporting Information
CAST OF CHARACTERS
 
THE MORTGAGE MEN

Ameriquest
Roland Arnall Founder of ACC Capital Holdings, the parent company of Ameriquest. A subprime lending pioneer who became a billionaire. His first company, Long Beach Mortgage, spawned more than a dozen other subprime companies.
Aseem Mital Ameriquest veteran who became CEO in 2005.
Ed Parker Mortgage veteran hired in 2003 to investigate lending fraud in Ameriquest’s branches.
Deval Patrick Assistant attorney general who led the government’s charge against Long Beach in 1996, only to join Ameriquest’s board in 2004.

Countrywide Financial

Stanford Kurland President and COO. Long seen as Mozilo’s successor, he left the company in 2006.
David Loeb Co-founder, president, and chairman. Stepped down in 2000.
John McMurray Countrywide’s chief risk officer.
Angelo Mozilo Co-founder and CEO until 2008. Dreamed of spreading homeownership to the masses. Became a billionaire in the process, but couldn’t resist pressure to enter the subprime mortgage business.
David Sambol The head of Countrywide’s sales force. Aggressively pushed Countrywide to keep up with subprime lenders.
Eric Sieracki Longtime Countrywide employee who was named CFO in 2005.
Primary Residential 13/1148
Dave Zitting Old-school mortgage banker who steered clear of subprime lending.
Ownit
Bill Dallas Founder of Ownit, a subprime company in which Merrill Lynch held a 20 percent stake.

THE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
 
American International Group (AIG)
Steve Bensinger CFO under Martin Sullivan from 2005 to 2008.
Joe Cassano CEO of AIG Financial Products from 2001 to 2008.
Andrew Forster One of Cassano’s chief deputies in London.
Al Frost AIG-FP marketer at the center of the multisector CDO deals that put AIG on 14/1148 the hook for $60 billion of subprime exposure.
Maurice R. “Hank” Greenberg AIG’s CEO from 1968 to 2005. Forced to resign by Eliot Spitzer. Gene Park AIG-FP executive who noticed the early warning signs on multisector CDOs.
Tom Savage CEO of AIG-FP from 1994 to 2001. Howard Sosin Founder of AIG-FP. Ran it from 1987 to 1993.
Martin Sullivan Succeeded Greenberg in 2005. Forced out by the board in 2008.
Robert Willumstad Sullivan’s successor as CEO until the financial crisis hit four months later.

Bear Stearns
Ralph Cioffi Bear Stearns hedge fund manager. His two funds—originally worth $20 billion—went bankrupt in the summer of 2007 because of their subprime exposure. 15/1148
Matthew Tannin Cioffi’s partner. Cioffi and Tannin were tried for fraud and found not guilty.
Steve Van Solkema Analyst who worked for Cioffi and Tannin.

Fannie Mae
Jim Johnson CEO from 1991 to 1998. Perfected Fannie’s take-no-prisoners approach to regulators and critics.
Daniel Mudd CEO from 2005 to 2008.
Franklin Raines CEO from 1999 to 2004. Forced to step down over an accounting scandal.

Goldman Sachs
Josh Birnbaum Star trader who specialized in the ABX index.
Lloyd Blankfein Current CEO.
Craig Broderick Current chief risk officer.
Gary Cohn Current president and COO. 16/1148
Jon Corzine Senior partner who convinced the partnership to go public. Replaced by Hank Paulson within days of the IPO.
Steve Friedman Co-head of Goldman Sachs with Robert Rubin.
Dan Sparks Head of the Goldman mortgage desk from 2006 to 2008.
Michael Swenson Co-head of the structured products group under Sparks.
John Thain Co-COO under Paulson until 2003.
Fabrice Tourre Mortgage trader under Sparks. Later named as a defendant in the SEC’s suit against the company.
David Viniar CFO.

J.P. Morgan
Mark Brickell Lobbyist who fought derivatives regulation on behalf of J.P. Morgan and the International Swaps and Derivatives Association. President of ISDA from 1988 to 1992. 17/1148
Till Guldimann Executive who led the development of Value at Risk modeling and shared VaR with other banks.
Blythe Masters Derivatives saleswoman who put together J.P. Morgan’s first credit default swap in 1994.
Sir Dennis Weatherstone Chairman and CEO from 1990 to 1994.

Merrill Lynch
Michael Blum Executive charged with purchasing a mortgage company, First Franklin, in 2006. Served on Ownit’s board.
John Breit Longtime Merrill Lynch risk manager who specialized in evaluating derivatives risk. Ahmass Fakahany Co-president and COO under CEO Stanley O’Neal.
Greg Fleming Co-president—with Fakahany— until O’Neal’s resignation in 2007.
Dow Kim Head of trading and investment banking until 2007. 18/1148
David Komansky O’Neal’s predecessor as CEO.
Jeffrey Kronthal Oversaw Merrill’s mortgage trading desk under Kim. Fired in 2006.
Dale Lattanzio Chris Ricciardi’s successor as the leader of Merrill Lynch’s CDO business.
Stan O’Neal CEO from 2002 to 2007. Created the culture that allowed the buildup of Merrill Lynch’s massive exposure to securities backed by subprime mortgages.
Tom Patrick CFO under Komansky and executive vice chairman under O’Neal. Seen as O’Neal’s ally until O’Neal fired him in 2003.
Chris Ricciardi Head of Merrill’s CDO team from 2003 to 2006. While at Prudential Securities in the mid-1990s, worked on one of the first mortgage-backed CDOs.
Osman Semerci Installed as global head of fixed income, reporting to Kim, in 2006. Fired in 2007. 19/1148
Arshad Zakaria Head of global markets and investment banking. Considered a close ally of O’Neal until forced out in August 2003.

Moody’s
Mark Adelson Longtime Moody’s analyst and co-head of the asset-backed securities group whose skepticism was at odds with Brian Clarkson’s vision for the agency. Quit in 2000.
Brian Clarkson Co-head of the asset-backed securities group who aggressively pursued market share. Named president in 2007.
Eric Kolchinsky Managing director in charge of rating asset-backed CDOs. Oversaw the rating process for John Paulson’s Abacus deal.
Raymond McDaniel CEO.

THE PIONEERS 20/1148

Larry Fink Devised the idea of “tranching” mortgage-backed securities to parcel out risk. Underwrote some of the first mortgagebacked securities for First Boston in the 1980s. Later founded BlackRock and served as a key government adviser during the financial crisis.
David Maxwell Fannie Mae’s CEO from 1981 to 1991. Important player in the early days of mortgage securitization.
Lew Ranieri Salomon Brothers bond trader who helped invent the mortgage-backed security in the 1980s.

THE REGULATORS

Attorneys General
Prentiss Cox Head of the consumer enforcement division in the Minnesota attorney general’s office from 2001 to 2005. 21/1148
Tom Miller Iowa attorney general who fought predatory lending.
Eliot Spitzer New York State attorney general from 1999 to 2006.
 
Commodity Futures TradingCommission
Brooksley Born Chair of the CFTC from 1996 to 1999. Attempted to increase oversight of derivatives dealers.
Wendy Gramm Chair of the CFTC from 1988 to 1993.
Michael Greenberger Director of the CFTC’s division of trading and markets under Born.
 
United States Congress
Richard Baker Louisiana congressman who introduced a bill to reform Fannie Mae and
Freddie Mac in 1999. James Bothwell Author of two key General Accounting Office reports, one criticizing 22/1148

Fannie and Freddie and the other calling for regulation of derivatives.
Charles Bowsher Head of the GAO from 1981 to 1996. Bothwell’s ally.
Phil Gramm Chairman of the Senate banking committee from 1989 to 2003. Opposed regulation of derivatives. The “Gramm” in Gramm-Leach-Bliley, the law that abolished the Glass-Steagall Act.
Jim Leach Chair of the House banking committee from 1995 to 2001. Criticized Fannie and Freddie. The “Leach” in Gramm-Leach- Bliley.
 
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Andrew Cuomo HUD secretary from 1997 to 2001. Crossed swords with Jim Johnson. Increased Fannie and Freddie’s affordable housing goals.
Armando Falcon Jr. Director of the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight from 23/1148 1999 to 2005. Outspoken critic of Fannie and Freddie, the two institutions his office was charged with regulating.
Jim Lockhart Director of OFHEO from 2006 to 2008.

Department of the Treasury
John Dugan Comptroller of the currency starting in 2004.
Gary Gensler Former Goldman executive who became assistant Treasury secretary under Robert Rubin. Testified in favor of Baker’s bill. Current chairman of the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
James Gilleran Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision from 2001 to 2005.
John “Jerry” Hawke Comptroller of the currency from 1998 to 2004.
Henry “Hank” Paulson Jr. Treasury secretary from 2006 to 2009. Previously chairman and CEO of Goldman Sachs. 24/1148
John Reich Director of the OTS from 2005 to 2009.
Robert Rubin Treasury secretary from 1995 to 1999. Previously co-chairman of Goldman Sachs.
Bob Steel Undersecretary for domestic finance in 2006. Former Goldman vice chairman brought to Treasury by Paulson.
Larry Summers Treasury secretary from 1999 to 2001. Rubin’s deputy before that. Along with Rubin and Alan Greenspan, the third member of “the Committee to Save the World.”

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Sheila Bair Current chair of the FDIC. Assistant Treasury secretary for financial institutions from 2001 to 2002.
Donna Tanoue Chair of the FDIC from 1998 to 2001. 25/1148

Federal Reserve
Ben Bernanke Chairman of the Federal Reserve starting in 2006. Timothy Geithner President of the New York Federal Reserve from 2003 to 2009.
Edward “Ned” Gramlich Federal Reserve governor from 1997 to 2005. Longtime head of the Fed’s committee on consumer and community affairs under Alan Greenspan.
Alan Greenspan Chairman of the Federal Reserve from 1987 to 2006.
 
Securities and Exchange Commission
Christopher Cox Chairman from 2005 to 2009.
Arthur Levitt Chairman from 1993 to 2001.

THE SKEPTICS 26/1148
Michael Burry California hedge fund manager who began shorting mortgage-backed securities in 2005.
Robert Gnaizda Former general counsel of the public policy group Greenlining Institute who called for scrutiny of unregulated lenders.
Greg Lippman Deutsche Bank mortgage trader. One of the few Wall Street traders to turn against subprime mortgages early on.
John Paulson Hedge fund manager who made $4 billion buying credit default swaps on subprime mortgage-backed securities.
Andrew Redleaf Head of the Minneapolisbased hedge fund Whitebox Advisors. Used credit default swaps to short the subprime mortgage market in 2006.
Josh Rosner Former Wall Street analyst who grew skeptical of the housing boom. Published a research paper entitled “A Home without Equity Is Just a Rental with Debt” in 2001. 27/1148

KEY ACRONYMS
ABCP: Asset-backed commercial paper. Very short-term loans, allowing firms to conduct their daily business, backed by mortgages or other assets. Part of the “plumbing” of Wall Street.
ABS: Asset-backed securities. Bonds comprising thousands of loans—which could include credit card debt, student loans, auto loans, and mortgages—bundled together into a security.
AIG: American International Group.
ARM: Adjustable-rate mortgage.
CDOs: Collateralized debt obligations. Securities that comprise the debt of different companies or tranches of asset-backed securities.
CDOs Squared: Collateralized debt obligations squared. Securities backed by tranches of other CDOs.
CFTC: Commodities Futures Trading Commission. Government agency that regulates the futures industry.
CSE: Consolidated supervised entities. An effort by the Securities and Exchange Commission in 2004 to create a voluntary supervisory regime to regulate the big investment bank holding companies.
FCIC: Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. Commission charged by Congress with investigating the causes of the financial crisis.
FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Government agency that insures bank deposits and takes over failing banks. Also plays a supervisory role over the banking industry.
FHA: Federal Housing Administration. 29/1148
GAO: General Accounting Office. Government agency that conducts investigations at the request of members of Congress.
GSEs: Government-sponsored enterprises. Washington-speak for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
HOEPA: The Homeownership and Equity Protection Act. A 1994 law giving the Federal Reserve the authority to prohibit abusive lending practices.
HUD: Department of Housing and Urban Development. Sets “affordable housing goals” for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
LTCM: Long-Term Capital Management. Large hedge fund that collapsed in 1998.
MBS: Mortgage-backed securities.
NRSROs: Nationally Recognized Statistical Ratings Organizations. The three major credit rating agencies, Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s, and Fitch, were granted this status by the government.
OCC: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. The primary national bank regulator.
OFHEO: Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight. Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s regulator from 1992 to 2008.
OTS: Office of Thrift Supervision. Regulated the S&L industry, as well as certain other financial institutions, including AIG.
PWG: President’s Working Group on Financial Markets. Consists of the secretary of the Treasury and the chairmen of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Reserve, and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission.
REMIC: Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit. The second of two laws passed in the 1980s to aid the new mortgage-backed securities market by enabling such securities to be.

09.16.2012. 19:21

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